An Afghan T-62M showing its bra armor, laser range finder over barrel and smoke grenade launchers.
Source: davric - © public domain
The T-62M is a modernization package applied to existing T-62 main battle tanks in the 1980's. The package features a wide variety of improvements in order to make the T-62 more relevant on the late Cold War era battlefield.
The armor is improved with the BDD armor package consisting of rubber skirts, BDD turret (bra) armor, appliqué armor on the glacis plate and mine protection under the belly. A more powerful engine compensates the increase in weight. An improved fire control system increases the chance to hit and introduces the ability to launch guided missiles from the gun barrel. The night vision system is upgraded as well.
There were both simplified and more extensive upgrade options for the T-62M.
The T-62M wasn't produced new in factory. Instead it is an upgrade package fitted onto existing T-62 tanks.
The T-62M retains the 115mm U-5TS smoothbore cannon. The new 9K116-2 Sheksna fire control system allows for 9M117 anti-tank guided missiles to be launched from the main gun.
A 7.62mm PKT machine gun is mounted as a coaxial weapon alongside the main gun.
The vast majority of T-62M tanks are fitted with a 12.7mm DShKM heavy machine gun on the turret roof.
The T-55M and AM are fitted with many of the same updates as found on the T-62M. Both tanks look very similar, but can easily be distinguished by the location of the bore evacuator and roadwheel spacing.
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