SU 60


60式装甲車


Overview


SU 60

Japanese SU 60 on the move at JGSDF Camp Fukuchiyama in 2005. Note that no bow machine gun is fitted.
Source: earlyBird - © Public domain

Origin
Japan
Type
Armored personnel carrier
Service life
1960 - 2006
Status
Obsolete
Development
1956 - 1958
Developer
Japan - Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
Production
1959 - 1972
Producer
Japan - Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
Japan - Komatsu
Number produced
428 SU 60
Some sources indicate total of 755
Designations
60式装甲車
Type 60
Notable users
Japan - JGSDF

Description


Introduction

The SU 60 is an early Cold War era armored personnel carrier of Japanese origin. It was developed in the late 1950's to become the standard armored personnel carrier in Japanese service. Over time it has been supplemented and replaced by the more capable Type 73.

Design

The SU 60 has a unique layout. The driver, commander and gunner are seated behind each other at the right. The engine is mounted at the left in the middle of the vehicle. In front of the engine the bow machine gunner is seated. The troop compartment is at the rear.

Firepower

Armament consists of a 12.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun on a pintle mount with gun shield. A .30-06 M1919A4 machine gun is fitted in the bow. Two types of mortar carriers were produced, armed with a 81mm and 107mm mortar respectively. Some SU-60 were fitted with two Type 64 MAT wire guided anti-tank missiles.

Protection

The steel armor protects against shell splinters and small arms fire. The armor can be pierced by heavy machine gun fire. No NBC system or smoke grenade dischargers are fitted.

Mobility

The tracked chassis provides a reasonable cross country performance. Even though the power to weight ratio is adequate the maximum speed is low. A 220 hp diesel engine provides propulsion.

Users

As with most Japanese weapon systems developed after World War 2 the SU 60 was not exported and the sole user of the SU 60 was Japan. It was gradually replaced by newer armored personnel carriers such as the tracked Type 73 and wheeled Type 96. In the late 1990's over 300 remained in use, but it was fully phased out as an armored personnel carrier in 2006.

Details


Facts SU 60
General
Origin
Japan
Type
Armored personnel carrier
Crew
4 + 6 (commander, driver, gunner, bow gunner, 6 infantry)
Dimensions
Weight
11.8 t combat load
10.6 t empty
Length
4.85 m
Width
2.4 m
Height
2.31 m including M2HB
1.7 m to hull top
Main armament
Type
12.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun
Mount
Pintle mount on roof
Ammunition
800 rounds, 100 ready to fire
Traverse
Manual traverse and elevation
Stabilizer
No
Secondary armament
Type
.30 M1919A4 machine gun
Mount
Bow mount
Ammunition
1.500 rounds
Traverse
Manual traverse over frontal arc
Stabilizer
No
Chassis
Chassis type
Tracked chassis, 5 roadwheels
Layout
Drive sprocket front, idler rear
Ground pressure
0.57 kg/cm²
Suspension
Torsion bar
Automotive
Engine model
Mitsubishi Model 8 HA 21 WT
Engine type
V8 4-stroke air-cooled turbocharged diesel
Power output
220 hp at 2.400 rpm
Transmission
Manual, 3 forward, 1 reverse
Fuel
250 L
Mobility
Speed
45 km/h on road
Range
300 km on road
230 km practical
Turn radius
7 m
Power to weight ratio
18.6 hp/t
Obstacle crossing
Ground clearance
0.4 m
Wall
0.6 m
Trench
1.8 m
Gradient
60 %
Fording
1 m
Protection
Armor type
Steel
Protection level
Small arms fire and shell splinters
NBC system
No
Smoke system
No
Equipment
Night vision
No

Subcomponents


Browning M2HB

A 12.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun is fitted on the roof.

Browning M1919

A .30 M1919A4 machine gun is fitted in the bow and is operated by a dedicated bow machine gunner.

Type 64 MAT

Some SU-60 were fitted with two Type 64 MAT wire guided anti-tank missiles.

Media


Variants


Type 60 ATM

The Type 60 ATM combines the Type 64 missile system with the SU-60 tracked armored personnel carrier. Two missile launch boxes are located on a mount over the rear of the vehicle.

SV 60

First type of mortar carrier based on the SU 60. Fitted with an 81mm M1 mortar in a square rear compartment. A total of 18 built.

SX 60

Second type of mortar carrier based on the SU 60. Fitted with an 107mm M2 mortar in a slanted rear compartment. A total of 18 built.

Related articles


Type 73

The SU 60 was supplemented and partially replaced by the Type 73 tracked armored personnel carrier. A smaller number of Type 73 were produced than the number of SU 60.

Type 96

Some of the remaining SU 60 were replaced in the 2000's by the Type 96 wheeled armored personnel carrier.